illustrator: Julie Rowan Zoch (ROZO)
The portal that weds power and submission: LOVE
The philosopher Georg Hegel was born in Stuttgart (1770). He started out as a theologian, particularly interested in how Christianity is a religion based on opposites: sin and salvation, earth and heaven, finite and infinite.
He believed that Jesus had emphasized love as the chief virtue because love can bring about the marriage of opposites.
Hegel eventually went beyond theology and began to argue that the subject of philosophy is reality, and he hoped to describe how and why human beings create communities and governments, make war, destroy each other’s societies, and then build themselves up to do it all over again.
He came up with the concept of dialectic,
the idea that all human progress is driven by the conflict between opposites,
that each political movement is imperfect and so gives rise to a counter movement that takes control — and that is also imperfect — and gives rise to yet another counter movement, and so on to infinity.
Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx argued that the most important dialectic of history was between worker and master, rich and poor, and their ideas led to the birth of